• Learn what the challenges are for developing countries
  • Get to know why it is important to focus on developing countries


For all the potential that advanced energy technologies offer for speeding up the energy transition, their application in developing countries will not be the same as in developed regions. This isn’t just about affordability; issues of political economy, the role of government, regulation and markets, or lack thereof, are all significant barriers to integrating and scaling advanced energy technologies. Aligning technology and its possible disruptions with more immediate needs that go beyond carbon — such as access, inclusivity, local air pollution and consumer choice — will make for faster adoption and improvement.

Rahul Tongia

Dr. Rahul Tongia is a senior fellow at the Centre for Social and Economic Progress (CSEP), India, and also non-resident Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution. His work focuses on technology and policy, especially for sustainable development. He leads the energy and sustainability group at Brookings India, and also is active in broader issues of technology. He is also an Adjunct Professor at Carnegie Mellon University, and was the founding Technical Advisor for the Government of India’s Smart Grid Task Force, and remains Founding Advisor of the India Smart Grid Forum.